Turkish Airlines is the national flag carrier airline ofTurkey, headquartered at the Turkish Airlines General Management Building on the grounds of Atatürk Airport in YeÃ…ÂŸilköy, BakÃ"Â±rköy, Istanbul. It operates scheduled services to 184 international and 37 domestic airports, serving a total of 221 airports, in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas as of February 2013. With an increase to 98 destination countries, the carrier's destination network from one hub is the world's largest. Also with 221 destination numbers, the airline 5th biggest carrier in the world by number of destinations. The airline's main base is at Atatürk International Airport, with secondary hubs at EsenboÃ"ÂŸa International Airport, Antalya International Airport, Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, andAdnan Menderes Airport. In 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012 THY carried 17.0 million, 19.7 million, 22.5 million, 25.1 million, 29 million, 32.6 million and 39,0 million passengers with total revenues of US$2.23, $3.0, $4.5, $4.0, $5.6, $7.1 and $9.0 billion, respectively
The airline has 18,188 employees (30 June 2011). THY has been a member of the Star Alliance network since 1 April 2008.
The airline was formed on 20 May 1933 as State Airlines Administration, part of the Ministry of Defence. The fleet was a five-seat Curtiss Kingbird, two four-seat Junkers F-13s and one ten-seat Tupolev ANT-9. In 1935 it became part of the Ministry of Public Works, in 1938 it moved to be part of the Ministry of Transportation and was renamed "General Directorate of State Airlines".In 1945 the first Douglas DC-3joined the airline.
The airline's "Eurowhite" livery is a white fuselage with blue lettering, a grey tulip on the fuselage running from the rear of the wing to the tail, and a red tail with the company logo in a white circle. In the past, the airplanes were painted white on the top with four red stripes going across the fuselage and the tail white with a red center that included the emblem; instead of a white emblem with a red circle for a background, the emblem was red with a white circle as background; the bellies of the planes had an aluminum finish, while the nose was black, and text on the plane read "THY Türk Hava YollarÃ"Â±-Turkish Airlines" on the left side; on the right the concept was the same with different text reading "Türk Hava YollarÃ"Â±-Turkish Airlines THY". The airlines has a maintenance centre at its hub Atatürk International Airport (IST) in Istanbul. Turkish Airlines Maintenance Center (Turkish Technic) is responsible for the maintenance, repair and overhaul of THY's and third party aircraft, including airframe, landing gear, APU and components.
Turkish Technic has opened a new engine centre in partnership with Pratt & Whitney at Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (SAW). The facility provides engine maintenance, repair and overhaul services to customers worldwide Miles&Smiles is the frequent flyer programme of Turkish Airlines, started after the airline left Qualiflyer. The earned miles can be used in Turkish Airlines's flights, as well as flights on Lufthansa, including the entire Star Alliance network. Miles&Smiles Classic Plus card holders are entitled to the same benefits of Star Alliance Silver card members. Elite and Elite Plus Miles&Smiles Cards entitle the owner to the same benefits as Star Alliance Gold users. Turkish Airlines has twice won the Skytrax awards for Europe's Best Airline, Southern Europe's Best Airline, and the World's Best Premium Economy Class Airline Seat in 2011 and 2012